Basel Universität

Laurent Marot

PhD in Physics
office 1.04a
tel +41 (0)61 207 3720 (office)


Research interest

Electron Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis (ESCA)
Fusion: Plasma-wall interaction studies related to fusion reactor materials

In a fusion reactor, and especially in the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER),
knowledge of the plasma parameters is of highest interest to control and understand the
performances of such a device. In today's tokamaks, the plasma is viewed through optical windows
or fibre optics for many diagnostics. However, the high level of radiation expected in ITER will
render this conventional approach impossible.
Metallic mirrors will be used either as plasma-facing components or as light transmitter through a
labyrinth, and therefore the first mirror (FM) will be one of the most critical elements of ITER
diagnostics systems. It must survive in an extreme environment (intense UV and X-rays radiation
as well as particle fluxes due to charge exchange neutrals) and has to maintain a good optical
In Basel research is focused on the investigation of the erosion and deposition mechanisms
affecting the optical reflectivity of potential materials for first mirrors of ITER both by active
collaborations with groups from different Tokamak sites and by simulation in laboratory

Another part is the preparation of metallic coated mirrors by magnetron sputtering or
evaporation, to obtain nanometric crystallites films, like rhodium or molybdenum, with
a high reflectivity.

The last topic is to study the interaction of the first wall (tungsten) of fusion reactor
with several plasma especially for DEMO (DEMOnstration Power Plant).


Latest Papers (show all)

Valence band behaviour of zirconium oxide, Photoelectron and Auger spectroscopy study
Z. Azdad, L. Marot, L. Moser, R. Steiner, E. Meyer
Scientific reports, 8, (1), (2018), 16251, pdf.
Sputtering effects on mirrors made of different tungsten grades
VS Voitsenya, OV Ogorodnikova, AF Bardamid, VN Bondarenko, VG Konovalov, PM Lytvyn, L. Marot, IV Ryzhkov, OO Skoryk, SI Solodovchenko
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 500, (2018), 56-63, pdf.
Quartz micro-balance and in situ XPS study of the adsorption and decomposition of ammonia on gold, tungsten, boron, beryllium and stainless steel surfaces
M Ben Yaala, L Marot, R Steiner, L Moser, G De Temmerman, C Porosnicu, CP Lungu, M Oberkofler, E Meyer
Nuclear Fusion, 58, (10), (2018), 106012, pdf.
Anisotropic etching of graphite and graphene in a remote hydrogen plasma
Dorothee Hug, Simon Zihlmann, Mirko K Rehmann, Yemliha B Kalyoncu, Timothy N Camenzind, Laurent Marot, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, Dominik M Zumbühl
Npj 2d Materials and Applications, 1, (2017), pdf.

Latest Talks (show all)

Atomic Scale Defects on KBr(001) Created by Low Temperature Plasma and Investigated by ncAF
A. Hinaut , B. Eren, S. Freund, R. Jöhr, R. Steiner, T. Glatzel, L. Marot, S. Kawai and E. Meyer
The 19th International Scanning Probe Microscopy Conference, 2017-05-17, Kyoto, (Japan).
Caracterisation ncAFM de defauts atomiques crees par plasma a basse temperature sur la surface de KBr(001)
A. Hinaut , B. Eren, S. Freund, R. Joehr, R. Steiner, Th. Glatzel, L. Marot, E. Meyer, S. Kawai
Forum des microscopies a sonde locale, 2017-03-20, Montpellier, (France).
Atomic scale defects on KBr(001) created by low temperature plasma and investigated by ncAFM
A. Hinaut , B. Eren, S. Freund, R. Joehr, R. Steiner, Th. Glatzel, L. Marot, E. Meyer, S. Kawai
SAOG, 2017-01-27, Fribourg, (Switzerland).
Chain-like structure elements in Ni40Ta60 metallic glasses observed by scanning tunneling microscopy
R. Pawlak , L. Marot, A. Sadeghi, S. Kawai, T. Glatzel, P. Reimann, S. Goedecker, H.-J. Güntherodt, E. Meyer
eMRS, 2014-07-15, Warsow, (Poland).

Latest Poster (show all)

Atomic scale defects on KBr(001) created by low temperature plasma and investigated by ncAFM
A. HinautHinaut Antoine, Eren Baran, Freund Sara, Jöhr Res, Roland, Glatzel Thilo, Marot Laurent, Kawai Shigeki, Meyer Ernst
SaoG, 2017-01-27, Fribourg, (Switzerland).